When Inland Papuans Migrate To Be Chicken Farmers

When Inland Papuans Migrate To Be Chicken Farmers

The operation of PT Freeport Indonesia (PTFI) which has been going on for 50 years has had a huge social and economic impact on the people living around the mining area. They are two major tribes, namely the Kamoro tribe who lives on the coast of the Mimika river, and the Amungme tribe who inhabits the Tembagapura mountains, along with 5 tribes of their relatives.

One of the most significant socioeconomic influences is livelihoods. In the past they only focused on fishing and hunting. However, after Freeport entered and started operating in the 70s, they were relocated and given new jobs as ranchers, farmers and fishermen.

“When we relocate, we together with Freeport and the government, we will provide employment, therefore to fulfill our promise to run a laying hens business and this business is very suitable because at that time in Mimika district there was no laying hens business,” said Devia Mom. , Chairman of the Jaya Sakti Mandiri Foundation, told AFP in Timika, Mimika, Papua some time ago.

The foundation, which has partnered with Freeport for 15 years, started with 1 cage and 3,200 chickens. Then until now it has grown to 28 cages with a production of 2,400 eggs per day. Devia said the turnover per month could reach Rp. 3 million to Rp. 4.7 million, most of which is sold to Pangansari owned by Freeport and the rest is sold to supermarkets and local markets.

“People get a salary from the sales, if it’s not enough, Freeport’s management will usually support the finances,” he said.

Devia also said that the relocated people could also choose farming by planting cocoa, cucumbers, chilies, taro, bananas and others. He claimed that the agricultural products of these migrating communities could reach 3-5 tons. Similar to livestock products, most of these plantation products are sold internally to Freeport in the Timika and Tembagapura areas.


“What we buy, they say, is very profitable. In the market, if they sell Rp. 5 thousand, we will buy Rp. 10 thousand so that they make a profit, so they can buy rice, to educate their children and improve their lives,” continued Devia.


With this effort, this tribal community also began to know banking and have an account plus earn money every day.


Meanwhile, cocoa farmer, Hilanus More, said that his life became more prosperous when he started farming. “As a result, I can help the family’s economy, it’s been 7 years, children can also go to school. I’m happy that the economy is not difficult every day we can eat, we can buy clothes too. from chocolate,” he said, who earns up to IDR 2 million per month.




The same thing was also initiated by the Maria Bintang Laut Cooperative which empowers fishermen to advance to class. In collaboration with PTFI, the fishermen’s fishing products are picked up and stored in cold storage with a capacity of 40 tons and is facilitated by an ice factory with a production of 2 tons per day. As of 2005, there have been 8 villages and 100 fishermen who have participated in this program.


“We market our fish to Pangansari, a Freeport partner, for mess halls in all Freeport work areas. For fish production, we have reached 94 tons for this year,” explained Sofi Tapilato as the person in charge of PTFI’s fisheries program.


In addition to bringing the market closer and ball pick-up services, this cooperative also provides outboard motor training which has been carried out in the last 2 years.


“Our target in 2020-2023 is that we can have fishermen with independence by selling themselves, producing and selling so as to generate family finances for our local fishermen,” he concluded.




In addition to fisheries, agriculture and animal husbandry, PT Freeport Indonesia also empowers coffee planters in the Tembagapura highlands. Since 20 years ago, the Amungme tribe who inhabited this area were fostered to grow coffee.


“We cultivate Arabica type of Amungme coffee. This coffee is cultivated in several villages such as Singa, Hoya and Arwanop. Initially, these coffee seeds were from Wamena and planted in the area around the Freeport mine,” explained Heri Herman Aibekob as a farmer companion for the Amungme Gold Coffee Cooperative to detik.com some time ago.


By involving 103 farmers in the village, PTFI and this cooperative produce 1.5 tons of Amungme Gold coffee per year. This cooperative collects coffee and then takes it by helicopter.


“We have to stay a week, two weeks there to accompany them. This is a tough challenge to go to remote areas,” he continued.


Then after the grain is taken, then the drying, roasting, and packaging processes are carried out in Timika and sold at a price of Rp. 100 thousand per 250 gr.


Elsewhere, PTFI’s Director of Development and Community Relationships, Claus Wamafma, said that Freeport’s 5 decades of success in Papua cannot be separated from community support, so Freeport wants to move forward with the community with sustainable community empowerment programs.


“Actually, it was the local people who did that, we introduced them. Initially, they were concocted and then turned into cultivation so that they provide added value,” said Claus.


For 20 years, through partnership funds, Freeport has provided guidance, assistance and capital for MSEs such as Hilanus More and farmers, ranchers, and other fishermen.


From PTFI data, it is known that it helps empower local farmers with a total land area of ​​560 hectares, consisting of 219 hectares of cocoa, 35 hectares of coffee, 200 hectares of coconut, and 100 hectares of sago.


Then 80,000 chicken farms with a turnover of Rp 40.3 billion and fulfill 30% of Timika’s egg share. While in the fishery sector, the income achieved is up to IDR 256.4 billion in 2020.