PAPUADAILY –Recommendations for solving the Papua problem were presented by the Governor of Lemhannas RI, Lt. Gen. TNI (Ret.) Agus Widjojo in his meeting with Ma’ruf Amin at the Vice President’s Office on Monday (11/20/2021). The Vice President appreciated the recommendations for solving the Papua problem submitted by the RI Lemhannas.
In the meeting, Ma’ruf Amin was accompanied by Mohamad Oemar (Kasetwapres Kemensetneg RI). Masduki Baidlowi (Special Staff for the Vice President for Communication and Information / Spokesperson) and Bambang Widianto (Special Staff for the Vice President).
Meanwhile Agus Widjojo was accompanied by Marsdya TNI Wieko Syofyan (Deputy Governor of Lemhannas RI), Prof. Dr. Ir. Reni Mayerni, MP (Deputy for Strategic Studies of Lemhannas RI}, Inspector General of Police Drs. Triyono Basuki P, M.Si (Experts for Reviewing the Defense and Security Affairs of Lemhannas RI), Marsma TNI Heddezul S.Sos (Director of Defense and Geography Debidjianstrat Lemhannas RI). said by Reni Mayerni in a release to the media on Tuesday (12/10/2021).
Referring to Presidential Decree No. 20 of 2020 regarding the appointment of the Vice President as Chair of the Steering Committee of the Integrated Coordination Team for the Acceleration of Welfare Development in the Papua Province and West Papua Province, Ma’ruf Amin explained that he would continue to encourage the acceleration of welfare development for Papua to be implemented immediately.
Therefore, suggestions and recommendations are needed for the formulation of the Acceleration of Welfare Development in Papua and West Papua Provinces, including the alleviation of extreme poverty in Papua, and for the implementation of Law no. 2 of 2021 concerning Special Autonomy for Papua.
Regarding the Acceleration of Welfare Development in the Papua Province and West Papua Province, as stated in Presidential Instruction Number 9 of 2020, Ma’ruf Amin revealed that the implementation of this Presidential Instruction uses new perspectives and designs with more effective ways of working in order to produce a leap in prosperity for the people of Papua.
Regarding its implementation, Ma’ruf Amin plans to visit Papua in the near future and as a follow-up, the government and National Defense Institute need to carry out coordinated and integrated escorts.
Ma’ruf Amin emphasized that the government provides high support and commitment related to the establishment of the Human Rights Court, the Papua Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC), as well as representatives of the National Human Rights Commission.
Furthermore, Ma’ruf Amin emphasized that the government highly respects the rights to customary lands of the Papuan people.
Law Number 11 of 2020 concerning Job Creation (UUCK) is a momentum for land policy reform, among others with the existence of Government Regulation Number 18 of 2021 concerning Management Rights, Land Rights, Flat Units, and Land Registration where management rights originating from Ulayat Land are stipulated to indigenous peoples.
Regarding the management of the special autonomy fund, BPKP continues to provide guidance and capacity building for the Provincial/District/City Internal Government Supervisory Apparatus (APIP) in Papua. This is to improve supervision and control of the use of special autonomy funds so that they are right on target.
The following is an explanation of the recommendations from Lemhanas submitted to the Vice President, as quoted by Tribunnews.com.
Agus Widojo in his presentation said that the Lemhannas recommendation was the result of a Focus Group Discussion (FGD) and a Round Table Discussion (RTD).
He said, a comprehensive solution for resolving the Papuan problem is basically an integrated effort to carry out an effective national education function, clean and effective government, as well as an integrated security restoration operation between the civil administration in the region and the security and public order function by the National Police, and assistance operations. TNI is limited to destroying the armed forces of KKB
• It is necessary to appoint an indigenous Papuan diplomat (OAP) who understands the problems of Papua to enhance diplomacy abroad and talk about Papua in international forums.
• It is necessary to immediately expand the territory of Papua (according to the provisions of the legislation) to be able to accelerate the improvement of community welfare through development, and to limit the scope of movement of the KKB.
• Intensive efforts to foster Papuan youth (OAP) especially students, so that they can have a high spirit of nationalism and not be influenced by separatist ideas.
• It is felt that it is necessary to improve the quality of the HR of Regional Heads by improving the system for the Regional Head General Election.
• Need to accelerate the improvement of the welfare of the people of Papua and West Papua through development, by empowering the relevant Ministries and Government Agencies and Local Governments
• Regarding the preservation of Papuan culture, so that it is more directed to empower OAP according to the potential of the local area (agriculture/plantation, animal husbandry, community mining and others). Therefore, it is necessary to immediately carry out mentoring, guidance and supervision activities for the Regional Government in managing the Special Autonomy funds, and the APBD, as well as the Village Head in managing it.
• It is necessary to conduct a good population data collection (manually for mountainous areas) by BPS, in order to be able to know with certainty the number and level of welfare of OAP in Papua and West Papua, to be able to focus more on development targets.
• Intensive efforts are needed to find sources of funds flowing to KKB, and take legal steps to cut off the flow of funds.
• It is necessary to resolve allegations of cases of human rights violations since the start of efforts to overcome the OPM resistance in 1965 until now, through legal processes and also settlements in accordance with Papuan customs/culture.
• It is necessary to make a mapping (data) about the cultural level of the community from each region, in order to understand the needs of the local community, as a material consideration in planning and implementing development and security.
• Many customary lands (ulayat) are sold, causing many OAPs to find it difficult to support their livelihoods for daily life, so there needs to be a prohibition on selling customary land (ulayat), but it can be rented out for a long time.
• There are still differences in perceptions about the history of Papua, for that it is necessary to reconstruct a complete history of Papua (since before independence) by national and Papuan historians, in order to be able to touch the hearts of the Papuan people to be proud as an Indonesian nation.
• In security recovery operations, there needs to be a firm single chain of command that combines the authority of the civilian government in government functions, the Police in the security and security functions, and the TNI in the main task of destroying the military forces of the KKB.
• The security forces, especially the armed security units (TNI, Brimob) need to be well prepared/trained according to the tasks to be faced, given briefing on the rules of engagement (Rules of Engagement/RoE), customs/culture of the local community, and supported with tools and equipment. adequate infrastructure in accordance with the conditions of the area where they work.
• It is necessary to immediately issue a Presidential Regulation concerning the involvement of the TNI in assisting the civilian government in peacetime.***