Deputy Chairman of the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) Alexander Marwata gave advice to all stakeholders in Papua who often have problems in releasing land.
To the media after the opening of the Integrated Corruption Prevention Supervision Coordination Meeting in the Papua Region, Jayapura, Tuesday (23/11/2021), he suggested that land payments should not be made to individuals.
He said, all land in Papua is customary area so that in the process of releasing it, it must go through customary institutions in each district/city.
“If it is customary land, a customary institution should be formed so that it is registered, not individually, the local government should encourage it so that the settlement is more comprehensive, when there are customary parties who claim it must go through traditional institutions,” said Alex.
Alex added that there is a tendency for companies that want to invest in Papua when they have to release land, they will pay in cash and he considers this to be less effective.
He said that customary parties as land owners should be given share ownership because most indigenous people in Papua do not yet have good financial managerial skills.
“It would be wiser if the company gave a share in the company that would invest,” he said.
Alex also encourages collaboration between related parties who want to invest in Papua.
He gave an example, the collaboration between PLN and the National Land Agency (BPN) in making land certificates in various PLN assets is considered effective in overcoming land problems in Papua.
“So, with this collaboration, we prioritize PLN because the ratio of certified assets is still low, but the assets are very large. This certification process is important as legal protection because it is very vulnerable if land assets do not have a valid legal basis,” he said.
Regarding this issue, PT PLN (Persero) together with the Ministry of Agrarian Affairs and Spatial Planning/National Land Agency (ATR/BPN), and the KPK completed the certification of 45 plots of land assets in Papua Province throughout 2021.
“In total, the secured electricity assets are worth Rp. 19 billion in the form of power plants, high-voltage overhead lines (SUTT) transmissions and substations,” said Regional Business Director for Sulawesi, Maluku, Papua and Nusa Tenggara Syamsul Huda.
Last year, continued Syamsul, the collaboration secured as many as 20,000 land certificates with an asset value of Rp 6.3 trillion.
“This year, PLN has received more than 16,000 additional land certificates throughout Indonesia. This acquisition, continued Huda, will continue to grow until the end of the year,” he said.