Implementing Agrarian Reform in Papua Needs Participatory Mapping of Customary Territories

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Jalankan Reforma Agraria di Papua Butuh Pemetaan Partisipatif Wilayah Adat

Social and spatial participatory mapping of the customary land of Papua is needed as the first step in implementing Agrarian Reform in the region. Deputy Minister of Agrarian and Spatial Planning/Deputy Head of the National Land Agency (ATR/BPN) Surya Tjandra said this was quoted from the Ministry of ATR/BPN website, Wednesday (24/11/2021).

“This is in accordance with the Presidential Instruction (Inpres) which directs the Papuan development approach from the perspective of socio-cultural, customary areas, and ecological zones in the context of sustainable development and focuses on Papuan Indigenous People (OAP),” he said. As is known, the Ministry of ATR/ BPN has a mandate to develop customary territories through the implementation of contextual Papuan Agrarian Reform. This provision is stated in Presidential Instruction Number 9 of 2020 concerning the Acceleration of Welfare Development in Papua Province and West Papua Province. Regarding the mapping, Surya said, it is important to involve the community so that the realization of an agreement and there is no overlapping limit.

“So, claims from indigenous peoples and the Regional Government (Pemda) must be synchronized with data from the Ministry of ATR/BPN. That is why friends from the Ministry of ATR/BPN need to be invited to the process from the beginning,” explained Surya. He continued, now, the Management Rights (HPL) which were previously owned by the Government are now granted by the Indigenous Law Community (MHA). This is stated in Law Number 11 of 2020 concerning Job Creation (UUCK) and Government Regulation (PP) Number 18 of 2021 concerning Land Management Rights for customary land. “HPL on this ulayat land is given to customary law communities whose existence has been recognized and established in accordance with the laws and regulations,” said Surya. Therefore, collaboration between Ministries and Institutions (K/L) is needed regarding the stage of land recognition for indigenous peoples. After that, the recognition stage of MHA and customary territories at the local government level takes place as well as the stage of registration of customary areas or forests. “I am ready to support. Hopefully this big dream will come true,” said Surya.